Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Evaluation of measles surveillance system in Federal Capital Territory Abuja, Nigeria, 2012-2015

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 89. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.89.693

Submitted: 22 Jan 18   Accepted: 24 Jan 18   Published: 12 Apr 18

Key words: Evaluation, measles, surveillance, Nigeria

© George Uzoaga Onyemauwa et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/89/abstract

Corresponding author: George Uzoaga Onyemauwa, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (georgereuben2000@yahoo.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Evaluation of measles surveillance system in Federal Capital Territory Abuja, Nigeria, 2012-2015

George Uzoaga Onyemauwa1,&, Ndadilnasiya Waziri2, Belinda Uba2, Patrick Nguku1

 

1Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
George Uzoaga Onyemauwa, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: measles is a highly infectious epidemic-prone disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in children below the age of five years. As of 2014, about 459,000 suspected cases of Measles were reported to WHO. Case-based surveillance with laboratory confirmation is one of the key strategies being adopted to facilitate Measles control and mortality reduction. The aim of the evaluation was to describe the process, assess performance and make recommendations for improvement in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Measles Surveillance System.

 

Methods: the evaluation was undertaken between August and November 2016 using the CDC updated guidelines for evaluation of PH surveillance systems. This involved a retrospective review of FCT Measles Surveillance records from 2012 - 2015, questionnaire administration to Disease Surveillance and Notification Officers (DSNOs) and selected Health Facilities and Key Informant Interviews with relevant stakeholders. Information was obtained about the flow, attributes and challenges/gaps in the system. Analysis of quantitative data was done with Microsoft excel software.

 

Results: there were 565 suspected measles cases out of which 200 (34.4%) were confirmed. Children 1-5 years accounted for 79.5% (159/200) of confirmed Measles cases and 80% (4/5) of all deaths. A Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of 2.5% was recorded while the year 2013 accounted for the highest number of cases (116) representing 58% of all confirmed cases. Out of the 565 suspected cases 354 (62.7%) had no vaccination at all, 169 (29.9%) had one dose of Measles vaccine while only 42 (7.4%) had two doses. The system was found to be flexible, acceptable, representative and highly sensitive. Positive Predictive Value was low, being (35.4%). Ninety (90%) of respondents agreed that the system adapts to changes while (100%) of the DSNOs and (80%) of other stakeholders are ready to continue with the system. However, stability is not guaranteed because it is donor driven.

 

Conclusion: the Measles Surveillance System in FCT is meeting its objectives of describing the burden and epidemiological trends in measles cases as evidenced by the response of the stakeholders on the system attributes. However, more effort is needed to ensure its sustainability.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)