Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

Evaluation of acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system, Sokoto State, Nigeria: 2012 - 2016

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 91. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.91.695

Submitted: 22 Jan 18   Accepted: 24 Jan 18   Published: 12 Apr 18

Key words: Acute flaccid paralysis, case investigation form, Nigeria

© Ismail Abdullateef Raji et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/91/abstract

Corresponding author: Ismail Abdullateef Raji, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (stainless.raji@gmail.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

Evaluation of acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system, Sokoto State, Nigeria: 2012 - 2016

Ismail Abdullateef Raji1,&, Muhammad Balogun1, Bola Lawal1

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Ismail Abdullateef Raji, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: Nigeria is one of the three countries where transmission of Wild Polio Virus (WPV) still occurs. Transmission occurs only in the Northern part of the country. We evaluated the Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) Surveillance system to assess the attributes of the system in Sokoto State, Northern Nigeria.

 

Methods: we used the Updated CDC Guidelines for Evaluating Public Health Surveillance Systems and the WHO Performance Standards to assess the performance of the system. We interviewed stakeholders and reviewed AFP Surveillance data from 2012 - 2016. We computed frequencies and proportions.

 

Results: all the respondents knew that poliomyelitis was caused by a virus and they all felt that AFP case definition was easy to understand. Seventy-eight percent of them reported that completion of the Case Investigation Form (CIF) was simple. Eighty-five percent reported that data was always complete, but examination of data from 2012 - 2016 showed incomplete data. All the respondents were willing to continue participating in the AFP surveillance. The non-polio AFP rate (13.5 to 23.5%) and stool specimen adequacy rate (90 to 100%) indicated high sensitivity. Proportion of cases investigated within 48 hours of notification, timely transportation, specimen arriving laboratory in good condition were all above WHO minimum standard of 80%. Surveillance was on-going in all LGAs in the State involving 56.7% males and 43.3% females. The Surveillance system was stable over the period of evaluation with dedicated staff from the State Ministry of Health and support from WHO.

 

Conclusion: the AFP Surveillance system in Sokoto State is performing well. The system is useful, simple, flexible, acceptable, sensitive, representative, timely and stable. The data quality is poor due to incompleteness of data. We recommend that regular training of data collectors should be implemented, improvement in human resources and increased funding from both State and Federal Government.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)