Proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja, 2018)

Opening ceremony

A descriptive characterization of acute flaccid paralysis in Nigeria, 2015

Cite this: Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. Apr 2018; 8(8): 92. doi:10.11604/pamj.cp.2018.8.92.673

Submitted: 19 Jan 18   Accepted: 26 Jan 18   Published: 12 Apr 18

Key words: Acute flaccid paralysis, surveillance, wild polio virus, Nigeria

© Abdulmumini Maikudi Kassim et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.proceedings.panafrican-med-journal.com/conferences/2018/8/92/abstract

Corresponding author: Abdulmumini Maikudi Kassim, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria (mabodoctor@gmail.com)

This abstract is published as part of the proceedings of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2nd Annual Scientific Conference(NIGERIA, )

A descriptive characterization of acute flaccid paralysis in Nigeria, 2015

Abdulmumini Maikudi Kassim1,&, Abayomi Olufemi1, Garba Mustapha1, Halimat Ayanleke2

 

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Nigeria

 

 

&Corresponding author
Abdulmumini Maikudi Kassim, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

 

 

Abstract

Introduction: World Health Organization defines Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) as a syndrome characterized by sudden and rapid weakness of the extremities. The outbreak of wild polio virus in Borno State in August, 2016, necessitated intensive responses in the northern parts of Nigeria with several Polio Immunization Plus Days activities. This study aimed at descriptively characterization of AFP in Nigeria, with a view of identifying the population at risk of AFP, to assess the health seeking behavior of patients with AFP and to determine the pattern of paralysis.

 

Methods: we did a retrospective descriptive data analysis of AFP cases in Nigeria from January to December, 2015. We obtained data from National Primary Health Care Development Agency. The cases were analyzed descriptively in terms of person, place and time using Epi info 7. For person, we analyzed in terms of age, gender, vaccination status and pattern of paralysis. Place was analyzed in terms of location and specific prevalence. For time we plotted a bar chart of proportion of cases by month of the year to note which month had the most cases.

 

Results: total AFP was 13,980 and 7,894 (56.47%) were males. The mean age of cases was 3 years. Less than 5 years had the highest number of AFP cases 5933 (77.30%). Kano State recorded the highest number of AFP cases 1,338 (9.98%) and prevalence of 60 per 100, 000 population .The highest number of cases was seen in the month of June. Most patients, 8,080 (58.12%) sought care from home. 60 (0.43%) cases had not received any dose of oral polio vaccine while 12,228 (87.5%) received at least four doses of oral polio vaccines. Left leg was most affected 8,783 (63%). 13,337 (95.4%) had complete paralysis after three days. A total of 10,233 (73.2%) cases had asymmetrical paralysis and those with sudden flaccid paralysis were 13,807 (98.8%).

 

Conclusion: no wild polio virus was isolated as the vaccination status of cases was good. Most cases had asymmetrical paralysis and sought care at home. Health promotion was instituted to encourage patients to seek care in health clinics to improve outcome.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)

To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.

Country: NIGERIA

Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17

Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel

Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme

Secretariat: gchinyere@afenet.net

Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (pnguku@afenet.net)