Analysis of measles surveillance data, Sokoto State, Nigeria: 2010 - 2016
Ismail Abdullateef Raji1,&, Muhammad Balogun1
1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
Ismail Abdullateef Raji, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria
measles is a disease that has a worldwide distribution; however, control efforts have substantially altered the global distribution. The incidence has decreased substantially in regions where vaccination has been instituted. In spite of the increase in Measles immunization coverage aimed at building population immunity against the disease, Measles outbreaks still occur, especially in the developing countries like Nigeria. The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of Measles cases in Sokoto State in time place and person.
descriptive analyses of Measles Surveillance data between 2010 and 2016 was carried out to describe the epidemiology of Measles in Sokoto State in time, place and person. Microsoft excel and Epi info were used to analyze the data. Proportions, cross tabulations and chi square test were used to find associations between variables.
a total of 13974 suspected cases were line listed between January 2010 and
June 2016, there were a total of 13974 suspected Measles cases. Overall, 11107
(80%) were below 5 years and 6553 (47%) were females. Majority, 12896 (92%)
of the suspected Measles cases were reported in the first half of each year
of evaluation. Gwadabawa Local Government Area (LGA) recorded the highest number
of Measles cases 1881 (14%). Ten thousand and twenty-seven (72%) of suspected
Measles cases did not receive measles vaccine. The overall case fatality rate
(CFR) was 0.9%, however, Bodinga LGA had the highest CFR of 4% and over the
period of surveillance year 2015 had the highest CFR (1.8%). Only 605 (4%) suspected
Measles cases were tested for Measles IgM. One hundred and twenty-five (0.9%)
deaths were recorded; factors significantly associated with deaths are number
of doses of Measles received (p = 0.001) and admission status (p < 0.001).
there is persistence of measles over the period affecting primarily children
below five years. This may be due to vaccinations being missed by children despite
activities to strengthen coverage. We recommend that there should be more awareness
programs and strengthening of Measles immunization in the State.
Nigeria CDC/Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme 2<sup>nd</sup> Annual Scientific Conference (Abuja)
To create a platform for epidemiologists and public health physicians to share their scientific works, NCDC/NFELTP organized the 2nd annual scientific conference with the theme "strengthening one health through field epidemiology training" at Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria from July 5-7, 2017. The objectives of the conference were to provide residents and graduates a forum to share findings from their field activities; provide training opportunity for trainees on scientific communication; provide an opportunity for epidemiological networking as well as create a forum to discuss pertinent public health issues. In attendance were dignitaries from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USAID, WHO, Africa CDC, Ministries Departments and Agencies, University officials and other implementing partners. With the current rise in zoonotic diseases, the conference also featured a two-day pre-conference workshop on One Health which prioritized zoonotic infectious diseases in Nigeria using standardized prioritization methods. A second workshop focused on antimicrobial resistance. There were 38 oral presentations, 60 poster presentations and 2 plenary sessions. The presentations covered various sub-themes ranging from outbreak investigations, case management, health system strengthening, vaccine preventable diseases, communicable diseases and surveillance. The conference featured a National Night and climaxed with awards to outstanding presenters.
Dates: 05 Jul 17 - 07 Jul 17
Venue: Transcorp Hilton Hotel
Organizers: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control / Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme
Contact person: Dr Patrick Nguku (firstname.lastname@example.org)