Conference abstract

Risk factors of type 2 diabetes among Mbororo population of Guiwa-Yangamo village in the East-Cameroon

Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. 2017:2(42).08 Dec 2017.
doi: 10.11604/pamj-cp.2017.2.42.76

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Keywords: Type-2-Diabètes, risk factors, Mbororo, indigenous population
Oral presentation

Untitled Document

Risk factors of type 2 diabetes among Mbororo population of Guiwa-Yangamo village in the East-Cameroon

Judith Maka1,&, Clément Kufe1, Félix Assah1, Jean-Claude Mbanya1

1Health of Population in Transition Research Group, Cameroon

&Corresponding author
Judith Maka, Health of Population in Transition Research Group, Cameroon

Abstract

Introduction: in 2013, Diabetes affected 382 million people in the World and about 5 million deaths between 20-79 years old. Rising prevalence due to lifestyle changes, disproportionate increase of type 2 diabetes in disadvantaged groups are known. This study wanted to provide needed data on the prevalence and risk factors among Mbororo indigenous in Guiwa-Yangamo, village in the East-Cameroon.

Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study using a WHO "STEPSwise" approach questionnaire. Data were collected from 261 Mbororos among 682 adults and analyzed with STATA 11.2. A logistic regression was used in order to identify risk factors of type 2 diabetes. P-value < 0.05.

Results: the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose: 21.7 % (n = 249), More women than men are at risk of developing diabetes if nothing is done. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes: 2.3% (n = 260), is less than 12.0% reported in the "Aborigenes" population in Australia, means that further studies are needed to elucidate some specificities. Among all diabetics found, 83.3% have never been to school, 50.0% were newly diagnosed. Among the known diabetics, 33.3% was on some sort of treatment. Risk factors like: Advanced age (OR : 12,31; CI: [1.04-145,64]; p = 0.046, Overweight (OR :6.61; CI: [6.61-6.62]; p < 0.001), Low physical activity (OR: 1.86; CI: [1.58-2.19]; p = 0.004), high blood pressure (OR: 10.13; CI: [1.06-96.11]; p = 0.047), addition of sugar to tea/coffee (OR: 2.71; CI: [2.11-3.49]; p = 0.003) were associated with diabetes. This addition of sugar to tea/coffee confirms the ignorance of the Mboboro’s population.

Conclusion: type 2 diabetes is common in this indigenous Mbororo village. Prevention strategies should be implemented to promote education, screening, monitoring and control of risk factors of type 2 diabètes in this community.