Conference abstract

Analysis of teenage pregnancy data, Sunyani West District, 2011 - 2015

Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. 2017:3(105).30 Oct 2017.
doi: 10.11604/pamj-cp.2017.3.105.275
Archived on: 30 Oct 2017
Contact the corresponding author
Keywords: Adolescent, teenage Pregnancy, Sunyani West
Oral presentation

Analysis of teenage pregnancy data, Sunyani West District, 2011 - 2015

Charlotte Kesewaa Adu-Gyamfi1,&, Gideon Kye-Duodu2, Charles Lwanga Noora2

1Ghana Health Service, Brong Ahafo, Ghana, 2Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana

&Corresponding author
Charlotte Kesewaa Adu-Gyamfi, Ghana Health Service, Brong Ahafo, Ghana


Introduction: in 2015, statistics from Ghana Health Service indicated that Brong Ahafo Region recorded 12,492 adolescent pregnancies (14.2% of pregnancies), while Sunyani West District (SWD) recorded of 431 (14.8%). This study analyzed adolescent pregnancy data in Sunyani West District from 2011 to 2015 to determine the proportion and trend of teenage pregnancy by age and sub district.

Methods: descriptive data analysis was conducted on adolescent pregnancy data in the SWD from 2011 to 2015. Data were obtained from the District Health Information Management System Two (DHIMS 2) of Sunyani West District. Study population was pregnant adolescents attending ante-natal clinics and delivery service. Variables used were age, year, pregnancy, delivery and Sub-district. The data were compiled manually by tally technique and transformed into tables and charts according to the frequencies and percentages by a means of computer.

Results: a total of 2,189 pregnant adolescents were recorded in Sunyani west from January 2011 to December 2015. Of these, 1013 adolescents delivered. The median age was 17 years. The 15-19 year olds were the most affected, recording 2,140 (97.36%) of 2,189. The study indicated a decrease of 19.61% (431) in ANC attendants and an increase of 22.41% (227) in deliveries for the year 2015. Chiraa sub-district recorded the highest cases 710 (32.30%) followed by Nsoatre with 649 (29.53%), Odumasae-Kwatire with 626 (28.48%), Fiapre with 123 (6.03%) and Bofourkrom with 90 (1.16%).

Conclusion: the study found a high rate of teenage pregnancy in the district among the age groups. Majority, 97.36% (2,140) of adolescent pregnancies were within the 15-19 years age cohort. Chiraa sub-district saw the most cases; 32.30% (710). Sex education incorporated into school curriculum by the GES in collaboration with the GHS would help reduce the number of adolescent pregnancies in the district.