Conference abstract

Secondary data analysis of diarrhoea surveillance data in Sunyani West District, Ghana, 2016

Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. 2017:3(109).30 Dec 2017.
doi: 10.11604/pamj-cp.2017.3.109.270

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Keywords: Sunyani West District, diarrhoea surveillance, Ghana
Oral presentation

Secondary data analysis of diarrhoea surveillance data in Sunyani West District, Ghana, 2016

Jane Addae-Kyereme1,&, Ebenezer Kofi Menash2

1Ghana Health Service, Ghana, 2Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Ghana

&Corresponding author
Jane Addae-Kyereme, Ghana Health Service, Ghana

Abstract

Introduction: globally, there are nearly 1.7 billion cases of diarrhoea disease every year. In Ghana, diarrhoea disease accounts for about 3% of all OPD cases; and out of this 45.5% are children less than 5 years old. Diarrhoea surveillance data has not been analyzed in the Sunyani West District. We therefore analyzed diarrhoea surveillance data to assess its magnitude and distribution in the Sunyani West District from 2011 to 2015.

Methods: we conducted a review of 2011-2015 diarrhoea data generated by the District Health Information Office. Diarrhoea dataset was extracted from the District Health Information Management System 2 (DHIMS2) database. Data was managed and analyzed using MS Excel. We calculated diarrhoea threshold. Univariate analyses were expressed as frequencies and proportions.

Results: we identified 40,494 diarrhoea cases. Diarrhoea threshold revealed possible missed diarrhoea outbreaks in October 2011, July 2012 and May 2014. Higher proportion, 14,716 (36.3%) of diarrhoea occurred among children under 5 years. Females recorded the highest, 23,648 (58.4%) number of diarrhoea cases. Majority, 13,808 (34.1%) of diarrhoea cases came from Odumase/Kwatire sub-district.

Conclusion: there incidence of diarrhoea among children under 5 years is high. Females are at high risk of diarrhoea. Three possible outbreaks of diarrhoea disease were not detected. Multi-dimensional programs are needed to prevent the high incidence of diarrhoea in the district.