Conference abstract

Analysis of tuberculosis surveillance data, West Gonja district, 2011-2015

Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. 2017:3(28).16 Dec 2017.
doi: 10.11604/pamj-cp.2017.3.28.120

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Keywords: TB, surveillance data, TB treatment
Oral presentation

Analysis of tuberculosis surveillance data, West Gonja district, 2011-2015

Mahama Mutala1,2,&, Chrysantus Kubio1,2, Stephen Atasige1

1Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, Northern Region, Ghana, 2Ghana Health Service, Northern Region, Ghana

&Corresponding author
Mahama Mulata, Ghana Health Service, Northern Region, Ghana

Abstract

Introduction: tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Globally, TB mortality ranges between 0.3% to 0.9% and 5.10% to 47.0% in Ghana. The number of cases in the West Gonja district increased significantly in 2015. We therefore described TB surveillance data in the district from 2011 to 2015 for public health action.

Methods: descriptive secondary data analysis of TB surveillance data on all persons who have received treatment for TB in West Gonja district from 2011-2015 was done. The data was extracted from the district TB register, entered into an excel template and analyzed descriptively by person and place. Frequencies and proportions were calculated.

Results: there were a total of 132 cases, with a total case notification rate of 292/100,000. The highest being 76/100,000 in 2015 and the lowest 40/100,000 in 2011. The most affected age group was 55+ years (61%). Damongo sub-district consistently recorded the highest proportion of cases (48%). Most of the cases 24 (67%) were cured over the five- year period with 12(33%) defaulting. The males were the most accounting for 94% (100/132). Similarly, HIV was high 7(64%) cases among the 2014 cases.

Conclusion: TB case notification rate in the West Gonja district has consistently increased over the five-year period with males most affected. The treatment outcomes were good. Health staffs in the district have been encouraged to intensify the public health interventions already implemented to sustain the gains made in the control of TB in the district.