Conference abstract

Analysis of tuberculosis surveillance data, Sunyani West District, Brong Ahafo

Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. 2017:3(83).27 Dec 2017.
doi: 10.11604/pamj-cp.2017.3.83.234

Contact the corresponding author
Keywords: Tuberculosis (TB), surveillance data, district health information management system (DHIMS 2)
Oral presentation

Analysis of tuberculosis surveillance data, Sunyani West District, Brong Ahafo

Abigail Bohemaa Boateng1,&, Gideon Kye-Duodu2, Charles Lwanga Noora1

1Ghana Health Service, Sunyani, Ghana, 2University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ghana

&Corresponding author
Abigail Boahemaa Boateng, Ghana Health Service, Sunyani, Ghana

Abstract

Introduction: more people die from tuberculosis (TB) than from any other curable infectious disease in the world. Though there have been many new interventions and investment in controlling and eradicating TB in the world particularly in Africa, TB still remains a major public health threat. In 2015, Brong Ahafo recorded a TB detection rate of 84% meaning 16% of cases went undetected. Sunyani West District recorded 37 new TB cases with 7 (19%) deaths. Each year, surveillance data on TB is recorded in the districts. In Sunyani West District however, this data is not evaluated or used in improving the system. The aim of the study was to analyse a five-year tuberculosis surveillance data in the District.

Methods: we conducted secondary analysis on TB surveillance data in the Sunyani West District from 2011-2015. Data was obtained from TB registers and District health information management system (DHIMS 2) of the Sunyani West District. Variables abstracted were age group, sex, sub-district and treatment outcome and presented in tables and graphs.

Results: a total of 140 patients were diagnosed with TB in Sunyani West District between 2011 and 2015, with the mean (SD) age of 41.7 (18.06) years. Males were most affected (72.9%) with year 2014 recording the highest proportion (50.33%). Chiraa sub-district recorded the highest proportion (28.6%) and 45% of the total patients with TB completed treatment.

Conclusion: TB infection increased in 2014 with a death rate of 7.5 per 100,000 therefore health education on prevention and benefits early treatment should be intensified in the communities especially among males and in the sub-district.