Conference abstract

Adherence to recommended lifestyle modification among patients with hypertension and diabetes attending the Federal Medical Center Katsina, Katsina State, Nigeria, 2016

Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. 2018:8(76).09 Dec 2018.
doi: 10.11604/pamj-cp.2018.8.76.658

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Keywords: Hypertension, diabetes, lifestyle modification, Katsina State
Opening ceremony

Adherence to recommended lifestyle modification among patients with hypertension and diabetes attending the Federal Medical Center Katsina, Katsina State, Nigeria, 2016

Bello Ibrahim Umar1,&, Adamu Shehu2, Patrick Nguku1

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

&Corresponding author
Bello Ibrahim Umar, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

Abstract

Introduction: hypertension and diabetes are among the major causes of morbidities that accounts for high number of complications and mortalities globally. Lifestyle modification is the cornerstone of management of Hypertension and Diabetes. This study was conducted to determine the knowledge, attitude and adherence to recommended lifestyle modification in management of hypertension and diabetes at the Federal Medical Center, Katsina.

Methods: we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study among 385 hypertensive and diabetic patients on follow-up using systematic random sampling technique. Data on socio-demographic, knowledge, attitude and adherence of the respondents was obtained using semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaires. Questionnaire information was entered into Epi. Info, cleaned and analyzed to obtain frequencies, tables and charts. Knowledge, attitude and adherence responses were summarized, scored and categorized into poor and good for knowledge and positive and negative for attitude and adherence.

Results: a total of 180 (468%) of the respondents were females. The mean age S.D. of the respondents was 51 18.3. A total of 216 (56.0%) respondents have poor knowledge of recommended lifestyle modification, with 254 (66.0%) of the respondents have good attitude towards recommended life style modification factors and 358 (93.0%) having poor adherence to the recommendations. Females were twice as likely to have good knowledge [OR = 1.53, 95% CI (1.1 - 2.3)] and those age ≥ 41years were five times more unlikely to adhere to recommended lifestyle modification [OR = 4.95, 95% C.I (2.15 - 11.38)].

Conclusion: knowledge and adherence of the respondents was poor on recommended lifestyle modification factors on management of hypertension and diabetes, however about two third have good attitude toward recommended lifestyle modification factors in management of hypertension and diabetes.