Conference abstract

Prevalence of confirmed malaria and uptake of malaria control intervention services among antenatal care attendees in Kaduna State, Nigeria: 2011 - 2016

Pan African Medical Journal - Conference Proceedings. 2018:8(80).09 Dec 2018.
doi: 10.11604/pamj-cp.2018.8.80.662

Contact the corresponding author
Keywords: Malaria, Nigeria, pregnant women, prevalence
Opening ceremony

Prevalence of confirmed malaria and uptake of malaria control intervention services among antenatal care attendees in Kaduna State, Nigeria: 2011 - 2016

Usman Oladipo Adekanye1,&, Saheed Gidado1, Muhammad Balogun1, Aisha Abubakar-Sadiq2

1Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, 2Kaduna State Ministry of Health, Nigeria

&Corresponding author
Usman Oladipo Adekanye, Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Asokoro, Abuja, Nigeria

Abstract

Introduction: malaria threatens the lives of pregnant mothers, fetuses, and infants. Approximately 25 million pregnant women are at risk of Plasmodium falciparum Malaria in Africa and it contributes to an estimated 11% maternal mortality. Control efforts have reduced Malaria prevalence over the years, yet Nigeria suffers the highest global burden, with approximately 51 million cases and 207,000 deaths annually. We described the trend of Malaria among women attending Antenatal Care (ANC) clinic and their access to preventive intervention services.

Methods: descriptive study design was used. Malaria transmission is mesoendemic in Kaduna State and intervention funding are provided by government and non-governmental organizations, such as Global Fund. We retrieved the State Malaria data from District Health Information System (DHIS2). Data was analyzed with MS Excel 2013 to determine the prevalence and trend of confirmed Malaria cases among ANC attendees, their access to Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPT2) and Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs).

Results: confirmed Malaria among ANC attendees rose from 9% in 2011 to 14% in 2012. Proportion of confirmed malaria among ANC attendees then dropped from 2013 (5.76%) but spiked in 2015 (5.6%). There was a steady decline in the trend from 2011 to 2016. Only 14% of all ANC attendees received LLINs from 2011 to 2016 with the lowest proportion (2%) in 2011 and the highest (20%) in 2014. The average IPT2 uptake over the review period was about 21% (target 100%), with a low of 3% in 2011 and a high of 22% in 2015. Inconsistencies were observed in the ANC data for the year 2013.

Conclusion: prevalence of confirmed Malaria reduced among ANC attendees in Kaduna State with increase in LLIN coverage. Despite the progress made, the State is yet to meet the LLIN and IPT2 uptake targets of the National Malaria Control Program for pregnant women. We recommended that the State government should ensure constant availability of intervention commodities to increase LLIN and IPT2 uptake as well as improved supportive supervision to ensure quality data in the State.